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Mahu Jalilpur

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Text and photos courtesy - Kunwar Atul Raj Singh.

HISTORY OF MAHU JALILPUR ZAMINDARI.
The history of Mahu Jalilpur family is entwined with the history of the Landora estate in its prologue & it dates back to the year 1759, when the Doaba region between river Ganga & Yamuna was ruled by the powerful Parmars Gurjars of Landhora in Saharanpur district of Uttar Pradesh. Landhora house was granted 596 villages by Mughal Emperor Auranzeb for the service rendered by Roa Sabha Chand, who was a zamindar in the village Jaberhera near Roorkee. The Rohilla Muslim robbers spread havoc in this area , Sabha chand crushed them & maintained peace & order in the region this earned him the favor of the Emperor.
In 1759 Shah Alma the nominal Emperor of Delhi came under the protection of the Maratha . The Rohillas in fact wanted to occupy Delhi. They had freed themselves from the rule of Nawab Wazir of Oudh ,but the rising power of the Gujars was a hindrance in their way to Delhi, so Najibuddulah Rohilla surrendered a track of land in Rohilkhand along the eastern flank of river Ganga in favor of Raja Nahar Singh (son of Raja Sabha Chand) who had a long claim on the track. When Najibuddulah was appointed Governor by the Mughal Emperor he again accepted the full rights of Nahar Singh over another 505 villages & 31 hamlets .He became the unchallengeable ruler of the upper Doab region of the river Yammuna & Ganga.
To effectively manage such a vast track of area was a herculean task & the Landoura kings found it very difficult to supervise the functioning of the rihayst . The Mughal Court was in its twilight & was on the verge of bankruptcy , during this curtail period large number of high ranking officials of the Mughal Court started seeking employment elsewhere .Rao Tarachand a Jadon Yadav (Nirvan gorth) from Badli village near Delhi happened to be one of them. He was made in charge of the revenue department by Raja Ram Dayal , grandson of Sabha Chand. Over a period of time Tarachand gained importance in the Court .He had two sons, Rattan Singh & Pratap Singh, both of them were highly capable & intelligent. Their capabilities helped them to secure the highest appointments in the court. Rattan Singh a brave & chivalrous personality was appointed in the prime ranks of the troops ,in recognition of his dedicated chequred service he was designated by the title of Rawal . The younger one Pratap Singh was appointed as Diwan ( prime minister) in the Landora Court, he was very trustworthy of Raja Kushal Singh & his mother Rani Dhan Kanwar. Both the brothers were married to sisters . Jas Kunwar the elder one with Rattan Singh & Ganesh Kunwar with Pratap Singh. They were from Nawada , a reputed house in Saharanpur distt.
Britishers had entered the Doaba in 1803 & established a Cantt at Roorkee with the vivid intention of suppressing the Gujars of Landora. The British officers did not recommend the state for a treaty pact to Governor Genera . A major portion of the state was shown as khanakhali ( land owned by none) in the revenue records. Again in 1810 another land settlement was carried out , despite observation raised by the Landoura Court large chunks of land was again declared as khanakhali . After the death of Raja Ramdayal , his minor son Kushal Singh was made the raja. Seeking such an opportunity the British started collecting revenue from the area declared as khanakhali directly , Tarachand & Diwan Pratap Singh objected & instructed the people not to pay revenue to the British tax collectors . Mr. Chambelian was instructed to carry out once again the land settlement of the area. On behalf of the king Rao Tarachand produced sanads & treaties given by Emperor Aurenzeb , & Mohammed Shah claiming the land declared as khanakhali .But it was rejected on the grounds that they were given during a disturbed state of the country , only the treaty with Najibuddulah was declared valid. Disgusted with the internal rivalry & politics within the Landoura family .Rao Tarachand retired from active service on old age grounds.
After retiring from active service Rao Tarachand was allotted the responsibility of assessing & depositing the revenue of 12 villages in Bijnor distt by Rani Lad Kanwar in 1830. Rawal Rattan Singh was espoused with the responsibility of thawing Rohilla robbers on the Eastern flanks of river Ganga which he per sued during his life time & he made Mahu his thikana for the purpose. At the time of 1857 Mutiny ,Rawal Rattan Singh & Diwan Partap Singh assisted Rani Dhan Kanwar (Raja Raghubir Singh the then ruler was a minor) to manage diplomatically with British officers Robert Spankie & Dundas Robertson & side by side mediated with the mutineers of the region .The able diplomacy & liaison saved Landora State from the wrath of the British .Rattan Singh by his velour kept Landoura property safe from the Rohilla Pathan mutineers from Rampur who had started attacking hindu villages of jats & bishnois in Bijnor distt , looting & arson was an hour of the day .He at the edge of the sword terrorized the marauders behind the limits of state territory & kept it safe from all ends at the time of the upheaval. He died issueless.. So 11 villages were bestowed in recognition to the brothers for service rendered in Bijnor dist & 2 villages he bought from the British.

Diwan Pratap Singh had two sons, Kr Kundan Singh , born in 1858 & Kr Bhola Singh 1860. Both took their schooling in Landora and Roorkee. Kundan singh was tasked to look after the estate at Mahu & Bhola Singh was entrusted the hereditary responsibility of State Diwan by Rani Dhan Kunwar. He later on quit the prime minister ship & started sharing the responsibility of the estate management along with his elder brother at Mahu. Diwan Bhola Singh expanded the estate further ,within a short span it had 28 villages in his hold.
Kr Kundan Singh had three sons from his wife Bilsi Devi of Asmoli Zamindari visa a vis. Kr Guru sahay , Kr Hori Singh & Kr Harsaroop Singh ( born -1884) . all three of them were highly educated . Hori Singh studied in St Jones School Agra, Harswaroop Singh did his schooling from St. Georges School Mussoorie & all of them were married into very powerful influential families of the time. Kr Gurusahay was married at Dekwada, he had two issues Kr. Jyoti prasad & Bai sahib Manu Kumari. … Kr Hori singh was married to Saidpur family, Meerut but unfortunately the couple expired issueless at an early age .
Kr .Harsaroop singh was married to Jaddav kunwar of Dhabaji ka bagh royal house Alwar. She had three issues …. Kr. Tejpal Singh died bachelor, Kr Chet pal Singh married in Gokalpur –Etah distt,& a daughter Bai Chetan Kumari. Kr Harsaroop singh built for himself a beautiful havelli in Basantpur village & started residing there . He devoted most of his time in managing the estate & organizing great shikar & pig sticking events in the khadir area for high ranking dignitaries & friends, both husband & wife were excellent riders . He was bestored with large number of meritorious certificates from Mr. Baker (Dec 1932) the governor of United Provinces of Agra & Oudh ,for organizing a great pig sticking event on own resources.

Diwan Bhola Singh was married to Kisi Devi of Kunda. He had three issues , eldest a daughter ,Bai Sahib Ishwar Devi married in a business house in Meerut but expired at the time of first delivery, Kr. Jagdish Singh & Kr. Balbir Singh( died at a young age during his courtship)
Kr Jadish Singh was born in 1894 .He was a man who could foresee future beyond his time . He was had two wives ,Kunwarrani Chand Kanwar ,daughter of Ch Raghuveer singh of Delhi & Kunwarani Sartaj Kanwar from Dharoli Jaildari ,Mehandergarh.
Krani Chand Kanwar bore him eight issues, all of them died within few years of birth except Bai Sahib Shankunt Kanwar (1927) married to Kr Ishwar prasad of Akka Dillari estate & Kr Gaj Raj Singh(1930) married to Kr rani Sattho kumari from Bharawar.
Krani Sartaj kanwar bore him two issues Kr Yash Raj Singh & Kr Raghu Raj Singh.
To avert the family feud with heirs of Kr Kundan Singh over the bulging to brim legacy Diwan Bhola Singh choose to shift his thikana to Dera Jalilpur . Jalilpur village was purchased from the Nawabs of Bachraon for a sum of Rs 80,000 . The village was named in honor of Jalaludin Mohamed Akbhar who visited the area while paying personal homage at the tomb of Makbur Shah , father of Faizi & Abdul Fazal. The tomb is located at Khawadi Azampur. Kr Jadish singh further extended the estate by acquiring Ibrahimpur , Bhamdola, Berkhera, Ganwari kutubpur , Sikri , Kalayanpur villages to the estate.
Jalilpur house in coming times was destined to become the popular estate & a business house . Realizing the importance of industrialization Kr Jagdish Singh started the first sugar mill in early 1930 & got it electrified in 1936, which earned him rich fortune during the Second World War. He could foresee the future of agri business & implemented all the latest techniques to improve the output of the estate .He was a great philanthropist & built the Shri Krishna College at Jalilpur in 1942 & donated large tracks of land as bhu -dan .He played an important role in building up government infrastructure by means of donating land & funds in the area . He donated prime land to establish a Block Office , hospital , primary schools in Mahu & Jalilpur ,temples, panchayat house etc . He was a great patron of education & funded several scholarship , gave liberally to all the distressed people of his estate & others that passed through his territories. Kr Jadish Singh was appointed as a Hony Second Class Magistrate for life . He liberally donated funds for building the Ahir College Rewari in 1942. The family was awarded Sanads for various meritorious service rendered.
Kr Yash Raj Singh presently looks after the estate in Jalilpur .He is married to Krani Sharda Devi of Bhirauti zamindari , Badaun . He has three sons, Kr Pawan Raj Singh , Kr Prashant Raj Singh , Kr Atul Raj Singh. All three of them educated at Wynberg Allen School Mussoorie & well settled. Kr Yash Raj Singh was Block Pramukh , as well as, he was appointed Honry Wildlife Warden of Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary by then H.E. Romesh Bhandari .Governor of UP. The family still holds tremendous clout in the area.