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The zamindars ,taluqdars,jagirdars or feudal lords were a distinct class that existed in India since the Mughal rule.After the arrival of British in India ,the Permanant Settlement Act gave them more powers and acted as a catalyst in shaping up this class.The zamindars were mainly concentrated in the northern part,especially the Gangetic Plains of united Bengal.There are so many myths and legends ...encircling this class making them much surreal.Their contribution to the development in shaping the modern Indian society is unquestionable.They patronised education,literature,music,arts ,religion.Some were torch bearers of Indian freedom struggle.Yet there is an impression of cruelty and wickedness surrounding this class.

Social status ranges greatly according to the amount of land owned by any given Zamindar man. He is variously identified as a generous, authoritarian, logical, and friendly person, along with his patrilineage. A Zamindar man's chief concern is for his land and its productivity. He depends greatly on other people for their labor, especially on the artisans, Because they make the tools needed for his land. The largest lands belong to the most powerful and influential Zamindars. They spend, entertain, and associate with prominent people on occasions such as marriage, circumcision, and harvesting. Each such occasion can increase their status, honor, and prestige. The call by a Zamindar to mang (collective labor) is a test of people's loyalty. The main social effect of mang is the reinforcement of relations between the Zamindar and the community.